History in the quatrains of Nostradamus 
according to the conclusions of the authors of the JCL Editions books used 
(i.e. Jean Guernon & Michel Dufresne - JCL Copyright) 

NOSTRADAMUS Editions Used here
(From Mario the Great site)

Benoist Rigaud GrRes12597_
Benoist Rigaud Schaffhausen 1568
Benoist Rigaud  Arbau 389_1568
Nicolas Roffet_
Pierre Menier_
Iaques Rousseau_
Benoist Rigaud_
Nostradamus, Les Propheties, Albi_1555-001-001   1555   1557   1568 1


  1588-1   1589-1   1590-1   1597-1

th  Century

<-----Back to the 18th Century--                                                                             .
.                                                                       ---------To 20th Century------>

The occupation of Northern Italy by Napoleon (1801)

3,75 : Campaigns of Italy of Napoleon Bonaparte. The occupied north, Austrians constrained to abandon their pretensions on this region. The subsequent invasion of Spain by the French.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 75


The Bourbons form a league against Napoleon

4,78 : The duchy of Parma conquered by the Napoleon armies. The fallen Bourbons join their brothers of Naples to fight the republican of Italy and France. The actions experienced against their armies between 1802 and 1805.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 78


Napoleon, Barras and Talleyrand (1795-1809)

1,34 : Napoleon Bonaparte, Barras and Talleyrand (1795-1834)

Centurie 3 Quatrain 34


Napoleon's interventions in Italy of the North (1796-1809)

1,75 : Napoleon Bonaparte and his campaigns of Italy (1796-1809)

Centurie 3 Quatrain 75


5,20 : The passage of Napoleon Bonaparte armies by the Great-Saint-Bernard (1800). The conquest of the Tuscany. Adolph Thiers, born in 1797, reaches to the presidency of France in 1836, in spite of his physical appearance almost clownesque.

Centurie 5 Quatrain 20


6,31 : Pius VI and his untangling with the revolutionary France. His secret negotiations with the house of Habsbourg. The revolt of Pavie before the Napoleonic requirements. The emperor proclaims himself king of Italy March 17, 1805.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 31


8,7 : The two campaigns of the general Bonaparte in Italy. The revolt of Pavie (23 May 1796). The Tuscany conquered in 1799. The fall of the emperor in 1814.

Centurie 8 Quatrain 7


Napoleon and the royalists (1804)

3,100 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the opposition of the royalists of the duke of Enghien. The execution of traitors. Publication of the civil Code. Napoleon consecrated emperor. Scheduling of a potential invasion of Britain (1804).

Centurie 3 Quatrain 100


The Napoleon Code (1800-1804)

1,54 : The publication of Napoleon Bonaparte civil Code (1804)


Centurie 1 Quatrain 54


Napoleon consecrated emperor (1804)

5,6 : Napoleon the 1st sacred emperor of the French by pope Pius VII (1804). The political reasons having motivated the Pontiff to accept such a compromising.


Centurie 5 Quatrain 6



6,95 : The nepotism exercised by Napoleon in favor of his brother Joseph. The strong interventions of Talleyrand against the notorious incompetence of the protected renowned Joseph. Honors distributed by Napoleon to shut up the opposition of the envious.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 95



The murder of the duke of Enghien (1804)

9,27 : The illegal arrest, by Napoleon Bonaparte, of the duke of Enghien that lead to the murder of the later.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 27


The advance on Vienna (1805)

10,13 : The Napoleonian tactics at the time of the advance on Vienna, September 1805, towards the Russians  after having gotten rid of the Austrians and simultaneously having concentrated his troops in the region of the Piedmont.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 13



The battle of Austerlitz (1805

2,23 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the crucial confrontation with the empire of Austria, to Austerlitz (2 December 1805)

Centurie 2 Quatrain 23


The defeat of Trafalgar (1805)

5,29 : The defeat of the French fleet in Trafalgar, October 21, 1805. The Republic of Venice passes from the hands of Austria to those of Napoleon Bonaparte, at the end of this same year.

Centurie 5 Quatrain 29


Joseph Bonaparte and the kingdom of Naples (1806)

3,52 : The establishment of Joseph Bonaparte to title of monarch of the kingdom of Naples, February 15, 1806. The naval confrontations in the Mediterranean between the French and English fleets. The blockade imposed to England after the defeat at sea of the French.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 52


The annexation of Tuscany and the invasion of Prussia (1807)

3,32 : Napoleon Bonaparte, his campaigns of Italy, the annexation of Tuscany to France in 1807. The invasion of Prussia the same year.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 32


The war of Spain (1808-1814)

1,19 : Napoleon Bonaparte and Spain (1808-1814)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 19


2,74 : The war of Spain of 1808 that lasted until 1814 at great cost for the Napoleonic empire.

Centurie 2 Quatrain 74


4,2 : The invasion of Spain by France in 1808. The king Charles and the queen Marie-Louise get settled at the aggressor's place. The revolt of the Spanish people at the nomination of Joseph Bonaparte to the title of monarch of the kingdom.


Centurie 4 Quatrain 2



4,3 : Spaniards, pushed by the English troops, revolt against the French presence on their soil (1812). The experienced massive repression against revolutionaries and the retirement shortly after the Napoleonic troops.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 3



4,70 : Napoleon and the war of Spain (1808-1813). The defeat of France in  faverof the troops of the British general Wellington The invasion of the south of the Hexagon (France) via the city of Pau.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 70


6,91 : Joseph Bonaparte named king of Spain by his brother Napoleon. The impatience of the new monarch with the repeated incursions of the English installed in Portugal. The British admiralty greatly disturbed by the maritime blockade imposed by the emperor. The birth of the eaglet in 1811.


Centurie 6 Quatrain 91


10,11 : The flight of Joseph Bonaparte at the time of the loss of Spain from the French in 1813.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 11


The exile out of Portugal of Jean VI (1814)

10,9 : Jean VI, of whom mother, Marie 1st, was afflicted of mental illness, had to go into exile following the invasion of Portugal by Napoleon. He transferred his court to Brazil in 1807 and directed Portugal from 1814 from there until his return in Lisbon in 1821.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 9


The internment of the pope Pius VII (1808-1809)

1,4 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the Pope Pius VII (1808-1809) or event to come.

Centurie 1 Quatrain 4



1,52 : Napoleon Bonaparte, the pope Pius VII and South  Europe (1809)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 52


3,6 : The internment of the pope Pius VII by Napoleon Bonaparte (1809).

Centurie 3 Quatrain 6


5,99 : Napoleon Bonaparte and Italy (1796-1809). Bourbons hunted out of their duchies and kingdoms. Abduction of the pope Pius VII by the troops of the emperor. The Vatican under the protection of George III of England.

Centurie 5 Quatrain 99


6,3 : Napoleon 1st and the empire. His untangling with the Vatican. The exile of Pius VII, in 1809, mark the end of the prestige of the emperor for his Catholic subjects.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 3


6,48 : Pius VII undertakes negotiations with Napoleon to bring the Vatican and France closer. The Concordat of 1801 is born of the meeting. Rome and Parma support the pope, but Tuscany rebels. In spite of his engagements, Napoleon annexes the papal States as well as the duchy of Parma.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 48



10,93 : The abduction of the pope and his suite, his temporary exile to Savonne followed of his routing toward Fontainebleau, and the likely itinerary through Arles and Beaucaire.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 93

Napoleon, master of Italy (1808)

5,61 : Napoleon Bonaparte low extraction. His campaigns in Italy against princes of the Austrian imperial family. His total domination on the peninsula in 1808.

Centurie 5 Quatrain 61


7,5 : Charles II of Bourbon (Louis 1I of Etrutie) and his double filiation with the house of Parma. Napoleon 1st decides to unite the kingdom of Etrutie to the empire in 1807. The invasion of the pope's States in 1808 and the transfer of the duchy of Parma to Élisa Bonaparte.

Centurie 7 Quatrain 5


9,54 : Napoleon conquer Tuscany after having annexed the harbors of Ancona and Civitavechhia in 1808. Capitulation of Dupont and the extermination of his troops July 22, 1808, on the islet of Caprera on the Balearic Islands. Reunification to the French empire of all the remaining papal territories to the city of Rome in 1809.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 54


The political importance of Talleyrand (1804-1809)

6,45 : Talleyrand and his role of privileged counselor to Napoleon Bonaparte. His hold of positions against the too great ambitions of the emperor. The defeat of the franco-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar (1805). The treason of the "limping devil" and his disgrace in 1809.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 45


6,84 : An infirmity prevents Talleyrand to make a career in the military. His talent of speaker and good communicator propels him however toward the highest spheres of the political world. His role in the advent of Napoleon 1st.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 84



Napoleon and the papal States (1809)

1,33 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the Papal States (1809) or Winston Churchill and the Second world war (1939-1945).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 33


Napoleon's divorce (1809)

2,44 : The divorce of Napoleon Bonaparte from Josephine of Beauharnais (15 December 1809). The emotional reaction of Josephine.

Centurie 2 Quatrain 44


4,54 : Napoleon Bonaparte and his main antagonists: Italy, Spain and England. The general's two foreign wives (1796 and 1810).

Centurie 4 Quatrain 54

Difficult conquest of Sicily (1810-1811)

9,61 : The failure of the tentative of Murat to invade Sicily, on September 1810. The populations subject to pillages take refuge in Cita Nova. Decree of Napoleon underlining that the kingdom of Two-Sicilies are part of French empire.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 61


The Napoleonic dynasty (1811)

1,81 : The Napoleonic dynasty and its nine members (1811-1860).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 81



10,32 : The diplomatic arrangements at the time of the last conquests of Napoleon and the situation of the empire in 1810, less than two years before the attack of the tentative of conquest of Russia.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 32



The campaign of Russia (1812)

1,61 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the campaign of Russia (1812)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 61



2,65 : The great retreat from Russia of the Napoleonic troops (1812).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 65



4,75 : Napoleon and the disastrous retreat from Russia (1812). Treasons of Bernadotte and the duke of York, once allies of the emperor. The battle of Nations. The defeat of Germany (1813) and its consequences on the dismantling of the empire.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 75


6,14 : The failure of the campaign of Russia and the disastrous Napoleonic army retreat (1812). The uniforms of French troops stupefy the Russians. The rearward taken in captivity while the thick of troops escapes.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 14


8,55 : The disastrous retreat of Russia of the Napoleonic armies. Fights of Bérézina, in November 1812. The heavy losses suffered by the emperor.


Centurie 8 Quatrain 55


8,92 : The great retreat from Russia in 1812. The flagrant lack of preparation for the enterprise. Napoleon's vain efforts to reconstitute his decimated army clash with the weariness of his people and with the refusal the main financiers of the empire.

Centurie 8 Quatrain 92



9,99 : The occupation of Moscow by Napoleon, September 14, 1812. The fierce resistance of inhabitants during months that followed, not hesitating to put on fire three-quarters of the city to push out the invader.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 99


The treason of the general Malet (1812)

4,62 : The treason of General Malet against the emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (23 October 1812). The discovery of the plot and the execution of the traitor.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 62



Jérôme Bonaparte and the kingdom of Westphalia (1813)

2,82 : Jérôme Bonaparte and the kingdom of Westphalia (1813).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 82


2,83 : The kingdom of Westphalia and the first days of Napoleonian dismay (1813). Decline at the same moment of the maritime sovereignty of England.

Centurie 2 Quatrain 83



The campaign of Germany (1813)

3,38 : Napoleon Bonaparte and his campaign against Germany (1813), First stage of the defeat of the empire.
Birth of a monster close to the French city of Orgon (1813-1814).

Centurie 3 Quatrain 38


1,90 : The birth in the meadows of Orgon, in France, of a monster (1813 or 1814).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 90

The French defeat in Northen Italy (1813)

3,39 : Napoleonic army retreats from North Italy in 1813. The treason of Murat. The seven coalitions needed to bring down the emperor and his pretensions.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 39


4,69 : Napoleon Bonaparte defeat in North Italy (1813). Austrians take back their former possessions. Bonapartists eliminated systematically after the defeat of the empire (1815).

Centurie 4 Quatrain 69



The decline of the empire (1812-1814)

1,88 : The decline of Napoleon Bonaparte after his marriage to Marie-Louise of Austria (1812-1814).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 88


4,94 : Joseph Bonaparte named king of Spain (1808), by his brother Napoleon. In 1813, the French are chased out of the country after the defeat of Joseph's troops in the Pyrenees. The invasion of the East of France by the United Coalition dear costs in human lives, especially on the side of Germans and Austrians (1814).

Centurie 4 Quatrain 94


5,42 : The French threat of losing Savoy after the defeat of the troops of Napoleon 1st. The Lombard pushed back by the Austrians (1814).

Centurie 5 Quatrain 42



The defection of Bernadotte and of Walled up (1814)

4,13 : The defection of the troops of Bernadotte, and Murat, the main responsible of the defeat of the Napoleonic empire in Italy (January 1814).

Centurie 4 Quatrain 13

The invasion of the south of France by the coalition (1814)

1,71 : The occupation of the south of France (1813 or 1942)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 71


1,89 : Joseph Bonaparte chased out from the throne of Spain and the invasion of France (1814).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 89


2,25 : Napoleon's second marriage, April 2, 1810. The personal guard of the emperor. The invasion of France by the coalition (1814).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 25


2,48 : The movement of Napoleonian troops between the years 1812 and 1814. The emperor betrayed by his peers.

Centurie 2 Quatrain 48


2,72 : The French defeat in Italy (January 1814) and the subsequent invasion of France by the British, Prussian and Austrian troops.

Centurie 2 Quatrain 72


2,88 : Pius VII and Napoleon Bonaparte. The invasion of France (1814).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 88


2,99 : The Italy of the North, field of privileged battle of Napoleonian troops. The  failed invasion of Russia and the downfall of the empire (1814).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 99



3,62 : The invasion of the southwest of France by the armies of the British general Wellington after the withdrawal of the Napoleonic troops from Spain (1813), and the character's brilliant political career. The end of the hegemony over the seas of Britain, two years later.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 62


3,83 : The invasion of the south of France by the English troops of Wellington, in March 1814. The support given to the invader by the duke of Angoulême. The defeat of the empire.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 83


6,1 : The invasion of the southwest of France by armies of Wellington (1814). The fate reserved to the city of Toulouse at the very end of the hostilities. The treason of the king of Naples, during the previous year.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 1


Bonaparte's downfall (1814)

1,73 : Napoleon Bonaparte and his abdication (1814)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 73



5,18 : The entrance in Paris of the united coalition seven days before Napoleon Bonaparte abdication (1814). The emperor on his island of exile remember his high facts of arms. His end in sadness and nostalgia.


Centurie 5 Quatrain 18


5,60 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the blame carried against him after the defeat of the empire. His unbridled ambition responsible for his pains.  The man's reputation of being bloodthirsty y.

Centurie 5 Quatrain 60


6,89 : Napoleon Bonaparte exile on the islands of Elba and Saint Helen. The tentative of suicide of the emperor the eve of his abdication (April 13, 1814). The dose , supposed to be deadly. proves to be a mistake of posology on the behalf of his personal surgeon.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 89


7,13 : The capture of the harbor of Toulon marks the departure of Napoleon Bonaparte lightning career. His fast ascension awakens in him unsuspected ambitions. The 12 years of his oppressive regime.

Centurie 7 Quatrain 13



Napoleon's exile to the island of Elba (1814-1815)

1,13 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the island of Elba (1814-1815).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 13



1,32 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the island of Elba (1814-1815)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 32



1,43 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the island of Elba and construction of the temple of the Madeleine (1806-1815)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 43



2,11 : Napoleon and the dynasty of the Bonaparte. The exile of the family's members after the fall of the empire (1814).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 11



3,23 : The invasion of Egypt and Syria by Napoleon's troops. His unfortunate campaign of Russia and his exile on the islands of Elba and Saint-Helen.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 23


3,49 : Napoleon Bonaparte exile on the island of Elba (1814). The royalist tradition of cities of Chartres and Rouen. Their role in the monarchical restoration of Bourbons in 1815.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 49


The exile of the eaglet and his mother (1814)

4,7 : Napoleon Bonaparte son, his exile in company of his mother in Austria (1814). The death of the eaglet, in 1831, at the age of 21. The Marie-Louise empress falls in the most total oblivion.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 7


The entrance of Louis XVIII in Paris (1814)

9,92 : The late entrance of Louis XVIII in the "City of Light", May 3, 1814, following Napoleon's abdication in Fontainebleau, and the capture of Paris by the coalition.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 92


The "Hundred days" (1815)

1,84 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the Hundred Days (1815).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 84


2,66 : Napoleon's Hundred days " (1st March 1815 - 18 June 1815).


Centurie 2 Quatrain 66


3,50 : The period of Hundred days " and the momentary exile of Louis XVIII (1815). The occupation of Paris by the coalition and the defeat of Waterloo. The return of the monarch and the consecration of the downfall of the empire.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 50


10,23 : Whereas in France a Bonapartist opposition organized itself against Louis XVIII, whose regime appeared fragile, Napoleon escapes from the Elba island in March 1815, arrives in France, takes possession of Antibes before clearing off and walk on Paris, bringing to reason the troops sent to capture him.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 23



10,24 : In Paris, Napoleon promulgated a new constitution, more democratic, and the old fighters that had served during his first campaigns flocked to bring him their support. Napoleon requested by Allies  for granting peace, who, in return, banished him from Europe, all of which decided him to take the initiative of the attack. He launched the campaign of Belgium that turned out to be a defeat at the time of the battle of Waterloo June 18, 1815.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 24


Murat proclaims himself king of Italy and advance on Rome (1814-1815)

10,64 : Murat puts the crown of Italy on his head March 31, 1814, and marches toward Rome. Pius VII leaves his capital. The great duke of Tuscany leaves for Livorno, where his support by the British was guaranteed.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 64


The battle of Waterloo (1815)

1,23 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the defeat of Waterloo (1815).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 23


2,26 : The invasion of the Piedmont by Napoleon's armies (1796). Nice and the Savoie become French. The defeat of the emperor in Waterloo (1815).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 26


2,94 : Napoleon and the invasion of England. The ultimate battle of Waterloo (1815).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 94



3,24 : The miserable state in which France found itself once again after the defeat of Waterloo (1815).

Centurie 3 Quatrain 24



Defense of Savoy (1815)

10,37 : The defense of Savoy by the Napoleonic troops after Napoleon's defeat.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 37


Talleyrand and the monarchical restoration (1815)

2,76 : Talleyrand, the "limping devil", his scheming against Napoleon 1st.

Centurie 2 Quatrain 76


2,69 : The Restoration in France. Louis XVIII, Charles X and Louis-Philippe 1st on the throne of France (1815-1830).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 69



3,73 : The restoration of 1815. Talleyrand called by the coalition to form the new government. The downfall of the limper three months later. His replacement by Elie Decazes, favorite and spiritual son of Louis XVIII. The return in strength of Talleyrand in 1830.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 73


6,71 : The dismemberment of the Napoleonic empire. The prominent role that the British played in this event, especially at the level of the sharing of territories conquered by the short Corsican (1815).


Centurie 6 Quatrain 71

Louis XVIII (1815-1824)

10,16 : Louis XVIII, subtle and cultivated, was, very early, victim of an immoderate overeating disorder that later left him obese and so impotent that he neglected the affairs of the state. Rather retired indeed, in the later years of his reign, Louis XVIII, become impotent (he nicknamed himself the armchair king), left to the most reactionary faction the political initiative; his chief, who was no other that the Count of Artois, succeeded to his brother under the name of Charles X.


Centurie 10 Quatrain 16


The White Terror

10,83 : At the time of Napoleon's fall, he entered Paris, where Talleyrand had prepared him the way, May 3, 1814, after 23 years of absence. During the Hundred-days, at the return of the emperor, Louis XVIII ran away to Ghent. He comes back and reign from the moment of the defeat of the former emperor. It is then that he instituted a reign of terror and will have slaughtered those very ones that will have saved him; even the moderate royalists didn't escape the slaughters.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 83


Napoleon and the childiness of Murat that contribute to the defeat

10,90 : Napoleon, his epic, and the pranks of Murat that contributed to his captivity on St-Helen island.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 90


The exile of the emperor to Saint-Helen (1815-1821)

2,67 : Bonaparte's exile to Saint-Helen island after the defeat of Waterloo. Restoration of the monarchical regime, in France (1815).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 67



6,12 : Napoleon Bonaparte makes the army of Italy an elite troop. The consecration of the emperor by the pope Pius VII. Coalitions rises against him. The sad end of the great French dream, in the Flanders, in 1815.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 12


6,46 : Napoleon Bonaparte exile on Saint-Helen's island. The empire dislocated after the loss of Italian Tuscany . The nomination of Talleyrand to counsel Louis XVIII raises the ire of the fallen emperor.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 46



6,61 : The biased accounts given back about Napoleon 1st on his great battles. The too great faith granted to these writings before some rigorous historians decide to put good order into them.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 61



The murder of the duke of Berry (1820)

6,32 : The murder of the duke of Berry (13 February 1820) by Louvel. The murderer submitted to the question (torture) in order to convince him of Bonapartisme.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 32

The birth of the duke of Bordeaux (1820)

3,91 : The birth of the duke of Bordeaux, September 29, 1820. The deficient health of Louis XVIII. The role played by Talleyrand in the beginning of his reign and schemes plotted by the thin diplomat to maintain himself at the first rank.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 91


Napoleon's fateful name, his destiny, his renown (1821)

1,76 : The fateful name of Napoleon Bonaparte, his renown and the political presence of his three sisters (1769-1821).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 76



3,35 : Napoleon Bonaparte humble origins. His great qualities as a speaker. The fear and the admiration that he caused, even as far as Russia.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 35


8,57: Napoleon Bonaparte humble origins. His coronation as Emperor of French, December 2, 1804. His numerous untangling with the Vatican mark his reign.

Centurie 8 Quatrain 57



Napoleon's death (1821)

1,26 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the Tuscany (1807), Bonaparte's death (1821)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 26


1,51 : Napoleon Bonaparte's death (1821) and the prediction of the emergence of another future conqueror Adolph Hitler (1921)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 51


2,62 : Napoleon and the comet that underlined his death (May 1821). The invasion of Russia and the disastrous retreat of 1812.

Centurie 2 Quatrain 62


3,86 : The continental blockade of 1806 and the harbor of Marseilles. Napoleon and Italy of the North. Invasion of Spain. The defeat of the emperor, his exile to Saint Helen. His long captivity, his death and the passage of a comet at the same moment.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 86


4,20 : Napoleon's death on his island of exile (1821) and the repatriation of his ashes in 1840. His mausoleum at the Invalids.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 20


4,28 : Napoleon Bonaparte death, May 5, 1821, underlined by an astronomical conjunction out of the ordinary and by the apparition of a comet.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 28



4,29 : The almost deification of Napoleon Bonaparte after his death and the privileged position of the planet Mercury, between Mars, Saturne and Jupiter, the day of his death.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 29

Remorse of Alexander the 1st for his father's murder (1825)

9,8 : Alexander the 1st, Czar of Russia in 1801, his role in his father's murder Paul the 1st. His remorses after he had organized the Convention of Vienna or on his death bed (1825).

Centurie 9 Quatrain 8


The war of independence of Greece (1827)

2,60 : The battle of Navarin (20 October 1827) and the War of Independence of Greece.

Centurie 2 Quatrain 60


4,32 : The war of lndependance of the Greece (1822). Internal quarrels threaten the country. The excessive ambition of the first ringleaders of the revolution.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 32


6,55 : The naval battle of Navarin (20 October 1827). The liberation of Greece from the Ottoman domination serves as pretext for the British, the French and the Russians to cut down the empire and to open the Black sea, the Aegean sea and the oriental Mediterranean sea, to international maritime traffic.

Centurie 6 Quatrain 55



The murder of the duke of Bourbon (1830)

1,39 : The murder of the duke of Bourbon (1830)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 39



4,91 : The internment and the execution of Philippe Egalité under the French Revolution. The conquest of the island of Malta by the British in 1800. The son of Philippe Égalité, Louis-Philippe of Orleans, called to reign on the throne of France in 1830. The suspicious death of the last prince of Condé in this same year.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 91


8,42 : The murder of the last prince of Condé, August 27, 1830. The tepidness and the weakness of the government of Louis-Philippe 1st. Its fall, in 1848, after years of indecision.

Centurie 8 Quatrain 42



The beginning of the July Monarchy (1830-1831)

9,13 : The subsequent events to Louis-Philippe's coronation in the beginning of the Monarchy of July, in 1830 and 1831. The refusal of the Belgian crown by the Duke of Nemours, while a popular insurrection in the duchy of Modena spreads to Bologna.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 13


9,89 : Louis Philippe 1st, named king of the French August 2, 1830; the assassination attempt of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, toward the middle of his reign, that will damage this Bonaparte prestige later in life.


Centurie 9 Quatrain 89


The partial dismemberment of the Ottoman empire (1831-1840)

1,40 : The dismemberment of the Ottoman empire (1831-1840)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 40

The brief career of the duke of Orleans

8,39 : The capture of Algiers by France, in 1830, and the great leadership then demonstrated by Ferdinand-Philippe Louis, son of Louis-Philippe of Orleans. The chancellor's Me Hernich refusal to grant the hand of an Austrian princess to the presumptive heir of the throne of France, in 1837.

Centurie 8 Quatrain 39


The death of the duke of Orleans (1842)

7,38 : Ferdinand's death, duke of Orleans, following a carriage accident, July 13, 1842. Details on the reason of the reversing of the vehicle that transported him to Neuilly.

Centurie 7 Quatrain 38


The birth of the marxism (1848)

3,67 : The birth of the marxism in the XIX th century. Its proliferation to the XXth century in nations of the third world. The great number of its disciples.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 67


End of Louis-Philippe's reign (1848)

9,57 : The flight of Louis-Philippe that passed by Dreux at the time of the debacle of royalty in 1848, and, possibly, his renounciation to the crown in favor of the Dauphin, all due to his rigidity, or, less probably, future event where one of his descendants will eliminate his offspring.


Centurie 9 Quatrain 57

The advent of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte (1851)

8,43 : Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte and his coup of December 2, 1851. The reign of peace that he imposed until 1859 by reason of the spilled blood at the time of his taking of power.

Centurie 8 Quatrain 43


9,5 : The election of Napoleon III in 1848, due in great part to his filiation with Napoleon the First. He will correct the absence of conciliatory policies of his predecessor in Tuscany.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 5


9,45 : Napoleon III, and his advent to power after having tried everything to achieve that. The secret enterprises that characterized his reign, and the terrifying consequences of his final defeat for certain countries.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 45



9,50 : The election of Napoleon III, December 11, 1848. The receding, in 1850, of Prussia with the convention of Olmütz. Reigns of Louis XVIII, Charles X and Louis-Philippe brings in the one of the two Napoleonic emperors. Likely fright of Charles X of the Ottoman empire.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 50


The economic crisis of 1857 and the murder of Lincoln (1865)

2,15 : The twin comet of Biela, the crisis economic of 1857, insurrections of 1859 in Italy, and the murder of Abraham Lincoln (1865).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 15


The attempt against Napoleon III (1858)

5,10 : The attempt of Felice Orsini against Napoleon III, January 14, 1858. The four responsible felons of the crime and the nearly miraculous failure of the enterprise.

Centurie 5 Quatrain 10


Napoleon III and Italy (1859-1860)

2,85 : Napoleon III, the undisputed referee of the pretension of the British and the Russian over the Ottoman empire His attempts of unification of Italy (1859).

Centurie 2 Quatrain 85


3,63: The triggering of the Italian Revolution under Napoleon Bonaparte and his multiple interventions in the country. His achievement under Garibaldi in 1860.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 63


4,73 : Napoleon III and Italy of the North. His alliance with Cavour. The defeat of the Austrians to Solferino (1859). The treaty of peace concluded after this battle displeases the Italian that would much have preferred the continuation of hostilities.

Centurie 4 Quatrain 73



8,12 : The battle of Magenta (1859) and the triumphal entrance of Napoleon III in the city of Milan, in company of Victor-Emmanuel II. The royalists of France, in exile in England, attempt to regroup their strengths under the conduct of Louis-Charles-Philippe-Raphaël of Orleans.

Centurie 8 Quatrain 12


The secret meeting of Plombières (1858)

9,26 : The secret meeting of Plombières organized by Napoleon III in the goal to recover Nice and the Savoy, and to reorganize Italy in four very specific territories, in 1858, and the Piedmontese propaganda that he organized there, or else the intervention of the Vatican by the particularly rough writings, addressed to the Moslem conqueror of Europe at the time of the next world conflict.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 26



The Italian Revolution (1861)

2,16 : Italian Revolution and the end of the Kingdom of Two-Sicilies (1861).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 16



3,74 : The occupation of the main kingdom and the duchies of Italy by the Napoleonic armies. The division of the Italian on the French presence, prelude to the great Revolution at the beginning of the second half of the XIXe century.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 74



3,96 : The death of Cavour, June 6, 1861, and the treasons committed against it by the leaders of the new unified Italy.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 96



7,15 : The Milanese submitted to the rough discipline of the Count of Radetzky between years 1849 and 1857. The annexation of the duchy to Italy (1861) entrenches its autonomy. The entrance of king Victor-Emmanuel II in the capital, after the signing of the understanding.

Centurie 7 Quatrain 15



7,31: The unification of Italy insider from the Piedmont. Cavour, the big architect of the Revolution, ally to Napoleon III to expel Austrians. The received support of nationalists of the country to also get rid of Bourbons (1860).

Centurie 7 Quatrain 31



The fall of the Second Empire (1870-1871)

1,6 : The fall of the Second Empire and Napoleon III (1870).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 6



3,53 : The occupation of Paris by the German armies of Bismark in 1871. The repression that he exercised on Catholics of Cologne until 1875.

Centurie 3 Quatrain 53



4,65 : Napoleon III and the treason of Bazaine. The defeat of the emperor, his exile and the plotting of the blame of the fiasco on his sole person (1870-1873).

Centurie 4 Quatrain 65



9,29 : The capitulation of Napoleon III in 1870. Belfort and St-Quentin abandoned to the enemy without having capitulated. Bombardment of the South of France, possibly through the use of montgolfières.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 29


9,82 : The capitulation of France in 1871. Siege of the communes of Paris and the intervention of Thiers to subdue this revolt. The flooding of Paris that followed in 1872. The liberation , effective September 16, 1873, minimizing all outrages.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 82



The treaty of Frankfort (1871)

10,51: The treaty of Frankfort, signed May 10, 1871, put an end to the war between France and the 2nd Reich. Under the terms of the treaty, Alsace (except Belfort) and a part of the Lorraine, of which Metz, were given up to the German empire.

Centurie 10 Quatrain 51



Thiers and the Commune of Paris (1871-1872)

9,4 : Council of the Commune of Paris after its defeat. The interdiction of the government of Thiers to hold a vote. The Communal Council, the insurrection, the house of Thiers ransacked in 1872. Flooding of Paris the following year.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 4



9,96 : The reconquest of Paris organized by Thiers from March 1871 until the bloody week of 21 to May 28 against the commune whereas communards themselves burn whole districts to delay the attackers.

Centurie 9 Quatrain 96



The discovery of the stone of Palermo (1877)

8,56 : The discovery of the famous "stone of Palermo" in 1877. The start of the twelfth Russo-Turkish war, in June of this same year. Britain and Austro-Hungary pull up ambitions of Russians.

Centurie 8 Quatrain 56



The death of Victor Hugo (1885)

1,62 : The death of Victor Hugo, the war of the Tonkin (1885), China to be eventually admitted in the U.N.O. (1971).

Centurie 1 Quatrain 62



The general Baker and his misfortunes (1886-1891)

1,25 : General Baker (1886-1891)

Centurie 1 Quatrain 25



The czar Nicholas II visits France (1896 and 1901)

5,54 : The czar Nicholas II meets leaders of France in 1896 and in 1901. Russians want the support of the French in the dismantling of the Ottoman empire. Armenians taken between two fires at the time of the conquest of Turkey by Russians (1916).

Centurie 5 Quatrain 54



End of the 19th Century

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